Le lingue semitiche

Il Centro Linguistico Faraj si occupa dell’insegnamento e dello studio della lingua e della cultura Araba e delle altre lingue semitiche (Ebraico biblico e moderno, Aramaico, Siriaco, Mandaico).

Arabo: La lingua Araba è una lingua viva parlata da milioni di persone e sempre più diffusa in Occidente per la presenza degli immigrati arabofoni. Per la sua diffusione su una superficie molto vasta, questa lingua ha subito variazioni dialettali importanti. Tuttavia, il Centro Faraj, ritenendo la purezza della lingua un elemento fondamentale, si basa sull’insegnamento delle tre grandi e antiche scuole di lingua che hanno avuto il loro centro rispettivamente a Kufa, Basra e Baghdad.

Ebraico: L’Ebraico moderno contiene molte radici e strutture linguistiche che derivano dall’Ebraico Biblico, da cui tuttavia differisce notevolmente sia per quanto riguarda la struttura grammaticale sia per quanto riguarda il lessico, che consta di molte parole nuove e prestiti attinti a lingue straniere non semitiche.

Aramaico, Siriaco, Mandaico: Lingue semitiche utilizzate in passato come lingue di culto religioso e lingue amministrative di imperi.  Attualmente il Siriaco è parlato da piccole comunità in Iraq e in Siria.

 

الرئيسة:

المركز اللغوي

يُعنى هذا المركز بتعليم اللغة العربية وآدابها . فضلا على الاهتمام بشقيقاتها من اللغات السامية ، منها على سبيل المثال: عبرية العهد القديم ، العبرية الحديثة، الارامية، السريانية والمندائية.

اللغة العربية: هي أحدى اللغات الحية التي يستخدمها ملايين الاشخاص ، وهي لغة المهاجرين العرب، على اختلاف لهجاتهم، في اوربا والبقاع الاخرى ، وعليه فهي تمتد على مساحة جغرافية واسعة ؛ وممِّا ينبغي ذكره، فان هذه اللغة شَهِدَت العديدَ من التغيرات اللهجية المهمَّة. ومن هنا يرى ان التركيزَ على عنصر نقاء هذه اللغة والاخذ من منابعها الصافية أمر في غاية الاهمية، فهو يعتمد في أساليب تدريسه اللغة العربية على ما جاءت به واسَّسَته المدارسُ النحوية الأولى ، وهي : مدرسةُ الكوفة والبصرة وبغداد.

 

 

 

Semitic Languages

The Faraj Language School teaches the Arabic language and culture as well as other Semitic languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, Mandaic).

Arabic: Arabic is a language spoken by millions and ever more used in the West due to the presence of Arab immigrants.
Due to its wide geographical diffusion, this language has undergone significant dialectal changes.
The Faraj School, however, focuses on Standard Arabic, which is understood across the Arab world, and bases its method on the three famous schools of Kufa, Basra and Baghdad.

Hebrew: Modern Hebrew has many roots and linguistic structures that came from Biblical Hebrew. Nevertheless it varies in important ways from the ancient language in its grammatical structure and lexicon, in part due to borrowings from non-semitic languages.

Babylonian Aramaic, Syriac, Mandaic: these are closely related dialects of Aramaic, a semitic language used in the past in religious scriptures and ceremonies, as well as in political and administrative fields. Nowadays, Syriac is spoken by small communities in Iraq and Syria.